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ORPHEUS TOURS Ltd.

23, Hristo Botev str.
4580 Chepelare, BULGARIA

Office Sofia:

10, Yanko Sakazov blvd.
1504, Sofia BULGARIA

Tel./fax: +359 2 944 95 15
Mobile: +359 888 468 545

office@orpheustours.com

www.orpheustours.com



Bulgaria

Bulgaria – a small piece of paradise, combining the sheer beauty of the serene shores of the Black Sea and of majestic snow-covered mountain peaks, is situated in the southeast of Europe in the easternmost part of the Balkan Peninsula. Bulgaria borders Romania to the north, Macedonia and Serbia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east.
Occupying no more than 2 percent of Europe’s territory, Bulgaria is lavishly gifted by Nature with very diverse landscapes, mild temperate climate, rich flora and fauna, and numerous medicinal mineral springs. On a territory of just 110 000 square kilometres, between the vast plains and valleys, spacious sunny beaches and low and high mountains, covered with old coniferous and deciduous forests and fantastic rock formations, you can find:

• 3 national and 10 nature parks, preserving the diversity, beauty, and uniqueness of Bulgarian natural and cultural heritage;
• 7 cultural and 2 natural sites inscribed on the UNESCO List of World Natural and Cultural Heritage;
• 550 areas with 1600 mineral springs with an aggregate water discharge capacity of 4900 L/s – a natural resource a few other countries in Europe possess;
• a vast and complex underground kingdom of caverns, treasuring the history of the primeval man and his companions ;
• More than 10 hoards of silver and gold, left behind by ancient civilisations and cultures;
• And eight million Bulgarians, who will give you warm welcome and will offer you a glass of sparkling Bulgarian wine, unique Bulgarian yoghurt and then will see you off with a bunch of roses.
Five different types of climate are to be found on Bulgarian territory, the prevailing one being the temperate climate with four seasons clearly differentiated. The prevailing climatic conditions offer the country many advantages. The annual number of sunny days is larger by 18-20% than in Central, Northern and North-western Europe. The mountain ranges act as climatic barriers stopping the cold northerly winds. The Black Sea Coast area is by 10-30% less covered by clouds than the Atlantic coast and some areas of the Mediterranean coast. The rainfall is less by 26-65% during the spring and summer months respectively. Bulgaria is sheltered from the hot winds of the African deserts and the hurricane power of the deep Mediterranean cyclones.
Bulgarian history goes back more than 3000 years, and the Bulgarian state was founded 13 centuries ago in the centre of the Balkan Peninsula on a busy crossroads of different cultures, crossing from Europe to Asia and from northern Europe to the Mediterranean. According to statistical data, Bulgaria ranks among the richest countries in the World – after Italy and Greece – in archaeological monuments. The Thracian culture, which is known around the World, developed on the territory of modern Bulgaria, and the oldest monuments built by the Thracians are contemporary to the Old Kingdom of Egypt.
Nowadays Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic with a democratic government and fast developing economy. It is one of the most stable states in the region and this is an important factor for the growing confidence among the investors and the country’s transformation into a preferred tourist destination. The fixed exchange rate of the Bulgarian Lev to the Euro (€1 = 1.95583 leva) helped to stabilise the Bulgarian currency and improved the economical situation in the country.
In 2004 Bulgaria joined the North-Atlantic Treaty, and in 2007 it is expected to become a member of the European Union.
Of great importance to the country’s development is its geographical location. As a part of South-eastern Europe Bulgaria serves as a bridge between Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Very actively are used the important diagonal roads crossing Bulgarian territory. This is true both to the road and railway line from Western and Central Europe through Belgrade, Sofia, Istanbul and then to the Near and Middle East, and to the road Moscow - Bucharest – Rousse – Sofia, and then to Thessalonica and Athens with a branch to Skopje and Dures on the Adriatic. Very important to the trade relations is the building of the second bridge over the Danube.

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